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Wednesday, May 31, 2006

Fast importing of text files with format files and bulk insert

When creating SQL Server 2000 ETL solutions like importing of text files, it is common for developers to employ DTS packages to accomplish results quickly. The downside of this approach is that DTS packages have certain programmability limitations and don't always offer the best performance.

If you are importing very large raw text files that don't include formatting like column headers, a high-performance solution is to use BULK INSERT with format files.

For example, the format file may be named major.fmt (note the file extension .fmt) and would be placed in the same file system directory where the import source text files are located.

Here is a sample of what a format file looks like: 

8.0 4 1 SQLCHAR 0 0 "\"" 0 x SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS 2 SQLCHAR 0 0 "\",\"" 1 WTN SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS 3 SQLCHAR 0 0 "\",\"" 2 Major SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS 4 SQLCHAR 0 0 "\"\r\n" 3 MktSeg SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS


Look in SQL Server Books On Line to find more details about how to use format files.

Now you can perform BULK INSERTS from the source text file like this:


BULK INSERT Database_name..MajorAccount FROM '\\ServerName\Textfiles$\major.txt' WITH (FORMATFILE = '\\ServerName\Textfiles$\major.fmt')


Your data loads will now complete way faster than trying to accomplish the same results with DTS packages in SQL   Server 2000.

Hope this helps!

posted @ Wednesday, May 31, 2006 9:24 PM | Feedback (4) |

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