CREATE FUNCTION dbo.fnISOWEEK ( @Year SMALLINT, @Month TINYINT, @Day TINYINT ) RETURNS TINYINT AS BEGIN RETURN ( SELECT CASE WHEN nextYearStart <= theDate THEN 0 WHEN currYearStart <= theDate THEN (theDate - currYearStart) / 7 ELSE (theDate - prevYearStart) / 7 END + 1 FROM ( SELECT (currJan4 - 365 - prevLeapYear) / 7 * 7 AS prevYearStart, currJan4 / 7 * 7 AS currYearStart, (currJan4 + 365 + currLeapYear) / 7 * 7 AS nextYearStart, CASE @Month WHEN 1 THEN @Day WHEN 2 THEN 31 + @Day WHEN 3 THEN 59 + @Day + currLeapYear WHEN 4 THEN 90 + @Day + currLeapYear WHEN 5 THEN 120 + @Day + currLeapYear WHEN 6 THEN 151 + @Day + currLeapYear WHEN 7 THEN 181 + @Day + currLeapYear WHEN 8 THEN 212 + @Day + currLeapYear WHEN 9 THEN 243 + @Day + currLeapYear WHEN 10 THEN 273 + @Day + currLeapYear WHEN 11 THEN 304 + @Day + currLeapYear WHEN 12 THEN 334 + @Day + currLeapYear END + currJan4 - 4 AS theDate FROM ( SELECT CASE WHEN (@Year - 1) % 400 = 0 THEN 1 WHEN (@Year - 1) % 100 = 0 THEN 0 WHEN (@Year - 1) % 4 = 0 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END AS prevLeapYear, CASE WHEN @Year % 400 = 0 THEN 1 WHEN @Year % 100 = 0 THEN 0 WHEN @Year % 4 = 0 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END AS currLeapYear, 365 * (@Year - 1) + (@Year - 1) / 400 - (@Year - 1) / 100 + (@Year - 1) / 4 + 3 AS currJan4 WHERE @Year BETWEEN 0 AND 9999 AND @Month BETWEEN 1 AND 12 AND @Day >= 1 AND 1 = CASE WHEN @Month IN (1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 10, 12) AND @Day <= 31 THEN 1 WHEN @Month IN (4, 6, 9, 11) AND @Day <= 30 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END ) AS d WHERE CASE WHEN currLeapYear = 1 AND @Day <= 29 THEN 1 WHEN @Day <= 28 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END = 1 ) AS d ) END
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DECLARE @Sample TABLE ( x INT NOT NULL, y INT NOT NULL ) INSERT@Sample VALUES (3, 9), (2, 7), (4, 12), (5, 15), (6, 17) ;WITHcteSource(x, xAvg, y, yAvg, n) AS ( SELECT 1E * x, AVG(1E * x) OVER (PARTITION BY (SELECT NULL)), 1E * y, AVG(1E * y) OVER (PARTITION BY (SELECT NULL)), COUNT(*) OVER (PARTITION BY (SELECT NULL)) FROM @Sample ) SELECTSUM((x - xAvg) *(y - yAvg)) / MAX(n) AS [COVAR(x,y)] FROMcteSource
Legacy Comments
dmSQL
2012-10-24
re: How to calculate the covariance in T-SQL Thanks.
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CREATEFUNCTION dbo.fnConvertUtf8Ansi ( @Source VARCHAR(MAX) ) RETURNS VARCHAR(MAX) AS BEGIN DECLARE@Value SMALLINT = 160, @Utf8 CHAR(2), @Ansi CHAR(1) IF @Source NOT LIKE '%[ÂÃ]%' RETURN@Source WHILE @Value <= 255 BEGIN SELECT@Utf8 =CASE WHEN @Value BETWEEN 160 AND 191 THEN CHAR(194) + CHAR(@Value) WHEN @Value BETWEEN 192 AND 255 THEN CHAR(195) + CHAR(@Value - 64) ELSE NULL END, @Ansi = CHAR(@Value) WHILE CHARINDEX(@Source, @Utf8) > 0 SET@Source = REPLACE(@Source, @Utf8, @Ansi) SET@Value += 1 END RETURN@Source END
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For the next few months, I will be involved in an interesting project for a mission critical application that our company have outsourced to a well-known and respected consulting company here Sweden.
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Today I thought I should write something about a stalker I've got. Don't get me wrong, I have way more fans than stalkers, but this stalker is particular persistent towards me.
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CREATEFUNCTION dbo.fnIsOnMonthEdge ( @theDate DATETIME ) RETURNSSMALLINT AS BEGIN RETURN CASE @theDate WHEN '99991231' THEN 1 ELSE DATEDIFF(MONTH, @theDate, DATEADD(DAY, 1, @theDate)) END + CASE @theDate WHEN '17530101' THEN -1 ELSE DATEDIFF(MONTH, @theDate, DATEADD(DAY, -1, @theDate)) END END
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Finally! Today I finished my presentation about finding a unified algorithm for Relational Division, which should work for all types of division; singlerecord and multirecord, singlecolumn and multicolumn and both exact division and with remainder.
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Today I went for investigating the internal storage of DATETIME2 datatype. What I found out was that for a datetime2 value with precision 0 (seconds only), SQL Server need 6 bytes to represent the value, but stores 7 bytes.
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Today I went for investigating the internal storage of DATETIME2 datatype. What I found out was that for a datetime2 value with precision 0 (seconds only), SQL Server need 6 bytes to represent the value, but stores 7 bytes.
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SELECT[Now], BinaryFormat, SUBSTRING(BinaryFormat, 1, 2) AS DayPart, SUBSTRING(BinaryFormat, 3, 2) AS TimePart, CAST(SUBSTRING(BinaryFormat, 1, 2) AS INT) AS [Days], DATEADD(DAY, CAST(SUBSTRING(BinaryFormat, 1, 2) AS INT), 0) AS [Today], SUBSTRING(BinaryFormat, 3, 2) AS [Ticks], DATEADD(MINUTE, CAST(SUBSTRING(BinaryFormat, 3, 2) AS SMALLINT), 0) AS Peso FROM ( SELECT CAST(GETDATE() AS SMALLDATETIME) AS [Now], CAST(CAST(GETDATE() AS SMALLDATETIME) AS BINARY(4)) AS BinaryFormat )AS d
Legacy Comments
Rob Volk
2010-12-15
re: The internal storage of a SMALLDATETIME value Have you done this for the datetime2 types?
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SELECT [Now], BinaryFormat, SUBSTRING(BinaryFormat, 1, 4) AS DayPart, SUBSTRING(BinaryFormat, 5, 4) AS TimePart, CAST(SUBSTRING(BinaryFormat, 1, 4) AS INT) AS [Days], DATEADD(DAY, CAST(SUBSTRING(BinaryFormat, 1, 4) AS INT), 0) AS [Today], CAST(SUBSTRING(BinaryFormat, 5, 4) AS INT) AS [Ticks], DATEADD(MILLISECOND, 1000.
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DECLARE @Year SMALLINT = 2011, @NumberOfYears TINYINT = 3 ;WITHcteCalendar(FirstOfMonth, LastOfMonth) AS ( SELECT DATEADD(MONTH, 12 * @Year + Number - 22801, 6) AS FirstOfMonth, DATEADD(MONTH, 12 * @Year + Number - 22800, -1) AS LastOfMonth FROM master.
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Or ask yourself, "How much of the database has changed since last backup?". Here is a simple script that will tell you how much (in percent) have changed in the database since last backup.
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CREATEFUNCTION dbo.fnGetEasterDate ( @Year SMALLINT ) RETURNSDATE AS BEGIN RETURN ( SELECT DATEADD(DAY, DATEDIFF(DAY, 0, CONVERT(DATETIME, CAST(@Year AS CHAR(4)) + BaseDate, 112)) / 7 * 7, 6) FROM ( SELECT CASE @Year % 19 WHEN 0 THEN '0415' WHEN 1 THEN '0404' WHEN 2 THEN '0324' WHEN 3 THEN '0412' WHEN 4 THEN '0401' WHEN 5 THEN '0419' WHEN 6 THEN '0409' WHEN 7 THEN '0329' WHEN 8 THEN '0417' WHEN 9 THEN '0406' WHEN 10 THEN '0326' WHEN 11 THEN '0414' WHEN 12 THEN '0403' WHEN 13 THEN '0323' WHEN 14 THEN '0411' WHEN 15 THEN '0331' WHEN 16 THEN '0418' WHEN 17 THEN '0408' WHEN 18 THEN '0328' ELSE NULL END WHERE @Year BETWEEN 1900 AND 9999 )AS d(BaseDate) ) END
Legacy Comments
iStan
2011-01-17
re: Fast easter day function Hi,
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First create a table type like this
CREATE TYPE dbo.MyXirrTable AS TABLE ( theValue DECIMAL(19, 9) NOT NULL, theDate DATETIME NOT NULL ) GO
And then you create a function like this CREATE FUNCTION dbo.
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The built-in CHECKUM function in SQL Server is built on a series of 4 bit left rotational xor operations. See here in a previous forum post http://www.sqlteam.com/forums/topic.asp?TOPIC_ID=70832 for more explanation. Today, I wanted to see how often a collision (or false positive) can occur.
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This problem is designed to come up with a solution that uses the smallest amount of storage possible for a 1,000 seat restaurant. I've come up with a solution that need only 125 bytes of storage.
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This question has been asked over and over again, and instead of having to redirect to any of my previous answers, I will cover the solution here in my blog. Consider this sample data DECLARE@Sample TABLE
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I got an email from Mr Celko and he correctly stated that my previous solution was not truly working with sets, so he posted me some solutions and proper sample data.
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I came across an interesting post on Microsoft SQL Server forum this afternoon. It was a question about Relational algebra and the poster wanted to have an efficient query to solve his problem.
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